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What is Aikido? A Comprehensive Beginners Guide! (2023)

Are you feeling bored and looking for a new hobby to dive into? Have you ever considered martial arts? Specifically, have you ever wondered, “What is Aikido?”?

If so, you’ve come to the right place!

Aikido, a unique form of martial arts, is more than just a way to defend yourself. It’s a method of personal growth and learning, a tool for building physical strength, and a way to increase mental resilience.

In this comprehensive beginner’s guide, we will delve into the world of Aikido, exploring its history, comparing it with Judo, explaining its techniques, and even guiding you on how to start your Aikido journey.

Whether you’re looking to bust boredom, find a new hobby, or simply learn something new, this guide will provide you with all the information you need about Aikido.

So, let’s get started!

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What is Aikido?

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Aikido, a fascinating form of martial arts, is a blend of physical techniques and philosophical teachings. But what exactly is Aikido?

Let’s break it down:

  • Definition: Aikido translates to “the way of harmony with the spirit”. It’s a modern Japanese martial art that focuses on using an opponent’s energy against them, redirecting their attack momentum to neutralize the threat.
  • Philosophy: The philosophy of Aikido is deeply rooted in harmony. The goal is not to defeat an enemy but to neutralize aggression. This philosophy extends beyond the dojo, influencing practitioners’ approach to all aspects of life. Aikido is not just a martial art—it’s a way of life that encourages respect, harmony, and peace.
  • Founder: Aikido was developed by Morihei Ueshiba in the early 20th century. Ueshiba, often referred to as O’Sensei or “Great Teacher”, envisioned Aikido as a means of personal growth, spiritual development, and self-defense.
  • Techniques: The physical movements in Aikido are fluid and circular, mirroring the natural flow of energy and motion in the world. The techniques involve a variety of joint locks and throws, designed to protect both the practitioner and their opponent from injury.

This focus on safety and respect for one’s partner makes Aikido a suitable martial art for all ages and physical abilities.

Now that we’ve covered the basics to explain what is Aikido and its underlying philosophy, let’s delve deeper into the history of this fascinating martial art in the next section.

The History of Aikido

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The history of Aikido is as fascinating as the martial art itself. It’s a story of one man’s journey through martial arts, philosophy, and spirituality, culminating in the creation of Aikido.

  • The Founder: Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of Aikido, was born in Japan in 1883. From a young age, he was fascinated by martial arts and studied various forms, including jujitsu, kenjitsu, and sojitsu. He was also deeply influenced by his studies in philosophy and religion, particularly Omoto-kyo, a modern Shinto movement.
  • Creation of Aikido: Ueshiba’s martial arts training, combined with his philosophical and religious beliefs, led to the development of Aikido. He began formulating the martial art in the 1920s, but it wasn’t until the 1940s that he fully developed the discipline known as Aikido.
  • Philosophy and Martial Arts: Ueshiba envisioned Aikido as a way of unifying the body and spirit and achieving harmony with the universe. He believed that this could be achieved through physical training, which is why Aikido combines physical techniques with a philosophical and spiritual foundation.
  • Spread of Aikido: After World War II, Aikido began to spread worldwide. Today, it’s practiced by people of all ages around the globe, and there are numerous Aikido organizations dedicated to the teaching and practice of this martial art.

Take a look at this great article on the history of Aikido for more information.

Aikido Techniques

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Aikido techniques are as unique as the martial art itself. The techniques include fluid, circular movements that use an opponent’s energy against them.

Here’s a basic guide to some of the fundamental techniques in Aikido:

  • Ikkyo: This is the first technique in Aikido, and it involves controlling an opponent’s elbow and wrist. It’s a foundational technique that many others are based on.
  • Nikyo: This technique involves a wrist lock that twists the arm and applies painful nerve pressure.
  • Sankyo: This is a rotational wristlock that directs upward-spiraling tension throughout the arm, elbow, and shoulder.
  • Yonkyo: This technique involves a nerve pin against the forearm of your opponent.
  • Gokyo: This is a variation of ikkyo where the wrist is held in a different way. It’s often used to disarm an opponent.
  • Irimi Nage: Known as the “entering throw,” this technique requires you to enter deeply into an attack to throw your opponent.
  • Kaiten Nage: This is a rotary throw that uses the momentum of an opponent’s attack to execute the throw.
  • Kokyu Nage: These are “breath throws,” which are executed with timing and control of breath.
  • Shiho Nage: Known as the “four-direction throw,” this technique can throw an opponent in any direction.

Remember, these descriptions are just the basics.

To truly understand and learn these techniques, it’s best to join an Aikido class and learn from a qualified instructor.

Here are a few more resources on Aikido techniques:

In the next section, we’ll guide you on how to start your Aikido journey.

How to Start Aikido

Starting a new hobby, especially a martial art like Aikido, can be exciting but also a bit daunting. Let’s see how to get started now that we know what Aikido is.

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Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you begin your Aikido journey:


Start by learning as much as you can about Aikido. You’ve already begun this step by reading this guide!

Find a Dojo:

Look for Aikido classes near you. Visit a few dojos, if possible, observe a class, and speak with the instructors.

Try a Class:

Most dojos offer a trial class for beginners. This is a great way to get a feel for Aikido and see if it’s a good fit for you.

Sign Up:

If you enjoyed the trial class and feel comfortable with the dojo and instructor, sign up for regular classes.

Regular Practice:

Consistency is key in Aikido. Regular practice will help you improve your techniques and understand the philosophy of Aikido.

Patience and Persistence:

Remember, Aikido is a journey, not a destination. Be patient with yourself and persistent in your practice.


  • Gi (Uniform)
  • Hakama
  • Obi (Belt)
  • Bokken
  • Jo
  • Tanto
  • Mat
  • Safety Gear
  • Notebook

Equipment & Items Needed for Aikido

Like any martial art, Aikido requires certain equipment and items to ensure safety and proper practice.

Here’s a list of essential equipment and items you’ll need for Aikido:

  • Gi (Uniform): Aikido practitioners wear a traditional uniform called a ‘gi’. It’s a durable outfit designed to withstand the physical demands of training. Ensure you get one that’s specifically designed for Aikido, as it’s slightly different from those used in other martial arts.
  • Hakama: This is a pleated, skirt-like garment worn over the gi. Traditionally, it’s worn by black belt practitioners, but some dojos might allow all students to wear it.
  • Obi (Belt): The color of your obi represents your rank in Aikido. Beginners usually start with a white belt.
  • Bokken: A wooden sword used in Aikido training. It helps practitioners understand sword techniques, which are fundamental to many Aikido movements.
  • Jo: A wooden staff used in some Aikido techniques.
  • Tanto: A wooden knife used for practicing defense against knife attacks.
  • Mat: Aikido involves a lot of throws and falls. A good quality mat ensures you can practice safely.
  • Safety Gear: Depending on the dojo and the intensity of training, you might need safety gear like knee pads, wrist guards, and a mouth guard.
  • Notebook: It’s always a good idea to keep a notebook to jot down techniques, philosophies, or any other insights you gain during your classes.

Before purchasing any equipment, it’s recommended to consult with your instructor or dojo. They might have specific recommendations or requirements.

Additionally, many dojos have equipment available for beginners, so you might not need to invest in equipment immediately.

In the next section, we’ll explore the benefits of practicing Aikido.

Benefits of Aikido

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Practicing Aikido offers a wealth of benefits, both physical and mental.

Here are some of the key benefits you can expect from regular Aikido practice:

  • Physical Fitness: Aikido is a full-body workout that improves cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, strength, and coordination.
  • Self-Defense: While Aikido is not primarily focused on combat, the techniques you learn can be used for self-defense.
  • Mental Wellbeing: Aikido practice can help reduce stress, improve focus, and promote a sense of peace and calm.
  • Personal Growth: The philosophy of Aikido encourages personal development and growth, fostering qualities like respect, patience, and humility.
  • Community: Joining an Aikido class connects you with a community of like-minded individuals. It’s a great way to make new friends and find support.
  • Fun: Last but not least, Aikido is fun! It’s a great way to break the boredom and try something new.

Aikido vs Judo

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When it comes to martial arts, there’s a wide variety to choose from, each with its unique philosophy, techniques, and benefits.

Two popular forms are Aikido and Judo.

But how do these two martial arts compare?

Let’s find out:

  • Philosophy: Both Aikido and Judo have philosophies rooted in harmony and peace. However, Aikido focuses more on using an opponent’s energy against them, while Judo emphasizes the principle of maximum efficiency with minimum effort.
  • Techniques: Aikido techniques involve fluid, circular movements and include a variety of joint locks and throws. Judo, on the other hand, is known for its throwing techniques and groundwork, including pins and submission holds.
  • Self-Defense: Both martial arts are effective for self-defense, but they approach it differently. Aikido focuses on neutralizing aggression without harming the attacker, while Judo techniques can be more forceful, aiming to subdue an opponent.
  • Competition: Judo is an Olympic sport and has a competitive aspect, with matches, rankings, and tournaments. Aikido, in contrast, does not typically involve competition. The focus is on personal growth and harmony.
  • Training: In Judo, you can expect a lot of partner practice and competitive sparring. Aikido training also involves practicing with a partner but in a more cooperative manner.

In the next section, we’ll delve into the techniques of Aikido, providing a basic guide for beginners.



Here are answers to some frequently asked questions about Aikido:

What does Aikido mean?

Aikido is a Japanese term that translates to “the way of harmony with the spirit”. “Ai” means harmony, “ki” refers to spirit or energy, and “do” means the way or path.

What is the difference between Aikido and other martial arts?

Aikido differs from many other martial arts in its focus on harmony and non-aggression. Rather than meeting force with force, Aikido techniques aim to blend with and redirect an opponent’s energy to neutralize the threat.

Is Aikido good for self-defense?

Yes, the techniques learned in Aikido can be used for self-defense. However, Aikido is not just about physical techniques; it also teaches awareness, calmness, and harmony, which are valuable in any conflict situation.

Can beginners learn Aikido?

Absolutely! Aikido is suitable for all ages and fitness levels. Most dojos offer beginner classes, and the Aikido community is generally very welcoming to newcomers.

How can I start learning Aikido?

The best way to start learning Aikido is to find a dojo near you and sign up for a class.

What is Aikido? A Conclusion

You’ve made it to the end of this comprehensive guide to Aikido!

By now, you should have a solid understanding of what Aikido is, its history, how it compares to Judo, the basic techniques, how to start practicing Aikido, and the benefits it offers.

Remember, Aikido is more than just a martial art—it’s a way of life that promotes harmony, respect, and personal growth. Whether you’re looking to bust boredom, find a new hobby, or simply learn something new, Aikido has something to offer you.

So why wait? Start your Aikido journey today and discover the way of harmony with the spirit!

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